Wolfram Language

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The Wolfram Language is the programming language used in Mathematica.
Mathematica is a computational software program used in many scientific, engineering, mathematical and computing fields, based on symbolic mathematics.
The feature list is long and includes tools for 2D and 3D image processing and morphological image processing including image recognition

From Wikipedia:
The Wolfram Language (popularly referred to as Mathematica, or simply M) is a general multi-paradigm programming language developed by Wolfram Research, that serves as the main interfacing language for Mathematica and the Wolfram Programming Cloud. It is designed to be as general as possible, with emphasis on symbolic computation, functional programming, and rule-based programming. It is built to represent arbitrary structures and data.

License/costs: 
Commercial
Platforms: 
Windows, Mac, Unix
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